Or was it his other book, There Are No Shortcuts?
Here is Mr. Esquith's explanation of the six levels:
Below is a table of how Rafe defines his 6 levels, and how I choose to define them:
|His Wording||My Wording|
|Level 1: I don't want to get into trouble||Level 1: I don't want to be punished|
|Level 2: I want a reward||Level 2: I want a reward|
|Level 3: I want to please somebody||Level 3: I want to please somebody
I care about
|Level 4: I follow the rules||Level 4: I follow the rules|
|Level 5: I am considerate of other people||Level 5: Empathy: I think of others
before I think of myself.
|Level 6: I have a personal code of behavior|
and I follow it
|Level 6: Integrity: I think of others before
I think of myself, and I don't seek
recognition for doing so.
The big differences are the ways I choose to communicate levels 3, 5, and 6.
On rewording level 3:
When I first started teaching this several years ago, I found that students had a hard time explaining the difference between level 3 and 5. This was because the wording for each was so similar. Being considerate of someone and pleasing someone can be similar things. So I thought about what each means. To me Level 3 doesn't mean wanting to please random people. Therefore I made the distinction that this is really about making a good choice for the people that we care about.
On rewording level 5:
For me level 5 is all about empathy, and for me empathy is one of the main values that I want my students to understand and appreciate. It's critical. Here's one reason why:
On rewording level 6: